CORONARY - Complex and Higher Risk Procedures for Indicated Patients (CHIP)
Triple Vessel Coronary Artery Disease Involving Distal Left Main, CTO LAD, and Ostial LCX in An Elderly Patient : Challenges and Strategy
Kumutha Gobal1, Hou Tee Lu1, Adelyn Nisha Henry1, Heng Shee Kim1, Kim Fong Ng1, Tee Choon Keong1, Vicknesan Kulasingham1, Mahadevan Gurudevan1, Chuey Yan Lee1
Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Malaysia1,
A 76 years old gentleman, with cardiovascular risk factor of hypertension and an ex-smoker. He had a history of NSTEMI in April 2018. Clinically, he is in NYHA class II and CCS class II. His physical examination was unremarkable.
Hb: 13g/dLCreatinine: 98µmol/LECG: Q wave in III, aVF, T inversion in I, aVL, V4-V6ECHO: LVEF 50-55%, mild hypokinesia over the septal and inferior wall with functional valves.
Engaged the right radial (5Fr, Optitorque) and femoral arteries (7Fr, EBU 3.5). Contralateral injections were done to visualize the collaterals (RCA to septal LAD). Patient had PCI to proximal RCA 2 months prior. Plan was to wire the CTO LAD and secure the ostial LCX access and to complete the PCI with two stents strategy. The LAD CTO was attempted with Fielder XTR wire with Mogul Micro catheter and Run through Floppy to D1.However unable to cross the CTO despite using multiple different wires, hence decided for ante grade wire escalation (AWE). By using retrograde injection, the course of CTO was identified. Punctured the proximal cap using Cross-IT 100, however retrograde injection showed wire in sub intima. Then, using parallel wire technique, lesion was crossed with Pilot 200. Retrograde injection confirmed wire was in the true lumen. Predilated the CTO, exchanged the wire to BMW in the LAD. IVUS was done to ascertain LAD size, then stented with 2.75x46mm and post dilated with 3.5x15mm. Predilated the LCX, and stented the ostial LCX with DES 3.5x38mm. DES the distal LM to proximal LAD with 4.0x18mm. Followed by mini crush technique with 2 stent strategy. Final kissing balloon and POT were performed. IVUS was done, noted ostial LM stent under-expanded, hence post dilated with NC 5.0x8mm and finalized with re-POT. Final IVUS images were taken, results were acceptable with TIMI 3 flow. Patient was brought back 5 months later for a re-look coronary angiogram. kissing.wmv IVUSPoststentLMLAD.wmv final.wmv
In multi-vessel complex PCI, re-vascularization of the diseased RCA (non left main lesion) prior to unprotected left main PCI reduces the risk of acute ischemia during LM PCI. Parallel wire technique, is a useful ante grade CTO wiring technique, if use correctly in a timely manner. POT and kissing balloon technique for two stent bifurcation PCI is mandatory for better outcome.