Abstract

JACC

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TCTAP A-005 . Presentation

Presenter

Tianyu Li

Authors

Tianyu Li1, Jinqing Yuan2

Affiliation

Fuwai Hospital, China1, Fuwai hospital, China2
View Study Report
TCTAP A-005
Acute Coronary Syndromes (STEMI, NSTE-ACS)

Effects of Age and Sex on Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients with Triple-vessel Disease

Tianyu Li1, Jinqing Yuan2

Fuwai Hospital, China1, Fuwai hospital, China2

Background

Age-and sex-specific considerations are required for the choice of revascularization strategies in patients presenting with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and triple-vessel disease (TVD). We aimed to explore the effects of age and sex on outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in NSTE-ACS patients with TVD.

Methods

A total of 2,812 patients (22.8% women and 77.2% men) with NSTE-ACS and TVD who received coronary revascularization (PCI, n = 1,559; CABG, n = 1,253) were included in the present study. Patients were divided into three age groups: < 65, 65 to 74, and ≥ 75 years. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), consisting of death, myocardial infarction and stroke. Other endpoints included cardiac death, cardiac rehospitalization and any revascularization. The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using inverse probability of treatment weighting based on propensity scores.

Results

During a median follow-up of 6.7 years, the risk of MACCE after CABG was significantly higher than after PCI in women ≥ 75 years of age (HR = 3.2716, 95% CI: 1.4213 - 7.5308), whereas the risks were trended to be significantly lower after CABG than after PCI in men ≥ 75 years of age (HR = 0.5775, 95% CI: 0.3319 - 1.0051; interaction p for sex = 0.0007), women < 65 years of age (HR = 0.6000, 95% CI: 0.3358 - 1.0719) and women 66 to 74 years of age (HR = 0.6440, 95% CI: 0.4036 - 1.0277; interaction p for age = 0.00024). Compared with PCI, CABG was associated with significantly lower risks of MACCE in men of other two age groups. No significant interaction between age and revascularization strategies in men was observed, neither was it between sex and revascularization strategies in other two age groups.


Conclusion

Although CABG might be superior to PCI in terms of MACCE in most NSTE-ACS patients with TVD, women ≥75 years of age undergoing CABG experienced a significantly higher risk of MACCE than those undergoing PCI.

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TCTAP 2021 Virtual Apr 12, 2021
It’s very well organized. Thanks for sharing!