Acute Coronary Syndromes (STEMI, NSTE-ACS)
Effects of Age and Sex on Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients with Triple-vessel Disease
Tianyu Li1, Jinqing Yuan2
Fuwai Hospital, China1, Fuwai hospital, China2
Age-and sex-specific considerations are required for the choice of revascularization strategies in patients presenting with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and triple-vessel disease (TVD). We aimed to explore the effects of age and sex on outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in NSTE-ACS patients with TVD.
A total of 2,812 patients (22.8% women and 77.2% men) with NSTE-ACS and TVD who received coronary revascularization (PCI, n = 1,559; CABG, n = 1,253) were included in the present study. Patients were divided into three age groups: < 65, 65 to 74, and ≥ 75 years. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), consisting of death, myocardial infarction and stroke. Other endpoints included cardiac death, cardiac rehospitalization and any revascularization. The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using inverse probability of treatment weighting based on propensity scores.
Although CABG might be superior to PCI in terms of MACCE in most NSTE-ACS patients with TVD, women ≥75 years of age undergoing CABG experienced a significantly higher risk of MACCE than those undergoing PCI.